Yayoi Kusama

I recently visited the Yayoi Kusama exhibition, at the Tate Modern, where I became very inspired by her work, especially “Infinity Mirrored Room – Filled with the Brilliance of Life”.

After altering my design from using glycerine and fishing line to create the rain effect to just using water dripping down, I felt this simplified the simulation quite a bit and didn’t maintain the same visual effect that would constantly exist from the fishing line so I decided to add mirrors to the interior to create an infinity wall effect.  This would allow the dripping rain to appear to continue on forever and enhance the visual impact of the piece for the purpose of immersion therapy.


Book Cover

When researching into Olafur Elliasson, I came across a limited edition book ‘Concepts in Space’. It is about the experimental art and architecture of Olafur Elliasson.

I was most inspired by the custom-made cover of this book. It is a high gloss polished and cold formed steel plate imitating the effect of raindrops falling onto water.

This led me to design my drainage system, based around this idea.  I decided to drill a series of holes in concentric circles into a sheet of aluminium and then, using doming punches and Fimo clay, (as a replacement for pitch) hammer each one so that the holes were dimpled, which would enhance the visual effect of ripples and direct the water into them so that it drained away into the trough.

Rain Effect

I came across this rainfall sound effect made by a choir and found the method used to create it was very interesting. I felt that the effect was enhanced as the rain storm gradually got stronger. I do not plan to use this method in my own in my own final piece as the rain storm I plan to create won’t be as stong and I don’t feel that it is as realistic when simulating a lighter rainfall.

Rain Lamps

I have looked into artificial rain on a smaller scale, in a more controlled environment.

Instead of using water, these decorative features use a combination of glycerine and fishing line. The viscosity of the glycerine allows it to adhere to the fishing line so that the positioning of each line of rainfall is controlled.

I have also discovered this method had been used on a much larger scale on a rain fountain in Southern California’s Topanga Plaza Shopping Centre in Woodland Hills, made in 1964.

By adopting the use of fishing line and glycerine in my own installation it allows me to have more control over my simulation and still maintain a visual quality within the simulation even if there is limited rainfall.

Artificial Rain


The use of artificial rain is commonly seen in many TV adverts, music videos and films; such as ‘Spiderman’, ‘Singing in the rain’, ‘High Fidelity’ and intentionally identified in ‘The Truman Show’. I began investigating into special effects methods. Some rain scenes, not created by computer technology, are made using combinations of rain bars, rain stands and miles of pipes.

To create my rain simulation, I am going to incorporate the use of pipework and taps, which will allow me to control where the water is inserted and monitor the flow of liquid into to the installation.


After investigating ‘What defines a phobia?’, ‘What symptoms can present with phobias?’ and ‘What types of phobias there are?’, I have then looked into the two main methods used to help overcome irrational fears; CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) and Immersion Therapy.

Immersion Therapy is the most common method that uses simulation. This allows the person so be exposed to the subject in a controlled environment and gradually leads to desensitization.

Ombrophobia is the fear of rain. The two most common causes of this fear are being told at a young age that going out in the rain will make you sick, which can then manifest into an immense fear or the feeling of depression that is often associated with a grey sky. I find the association with depression rather interesting and this has led me to consider building a simulation that tries to address the issue by creating a ‘rain storm’ in a controlled and peaceful environment.


Pho.b.ia: a diverse collection of seemingly unrelated objects and artworks under the umbrella of fear, dislike and aversion. 

In this exhibition I visited, a range of phobias have been portrayed from popular aversions, such as spiders, to very idiosyncratic pathological terrors, such as buttons, wrinkles or long words and amongst the pieces of artwork were names of various phobias from which people suffer.